1 a geographic region serving as the principal source of grain
2 an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion [syn: stomach, tummy, tum]
3 a basket for serving bread
- Dutch: broodmand
- Dutch: graanschuur
The Breadbasket of a country is a region which, because of richness of soil or advantageous climate, produces an agricultural surplus which is often considered vital for the country as a whole. A similar term is the Granary of a given country. As such the ownership of such regions are historically the subject of fierce military disputes.
Regional breadbaskets/granariesSicilia and Africa were considered the breadbaskets of the Roman Republic. Later on Egypt was considered the breadbasket of the Roman Empire.
AfricaZimbabwe was called the breadbasket of Africa until the Land reform in Zimbabwe.
PortugalAround the 1970's, Alentejo was considered the breadbasket of Portugal.
IndiaThe Punjab region is considered the breadbasket of India and Pakistan.
RussiaDuring Tsarist times the Ukrainian provinces of the Russian Empire were referred to as the Empire's breadbasket. During the Soviet era, the mantle passed to the Ukrainian SSR.
North AmericaNorth America's Great Plains are a common breadbasket shared between Canada and the United States.
CanadaIn Canada the grain-growing areas are also called the Canadian prairies. Sometimes the province of Saskatchewan is further singled out from within this region as the main breadbasket of Canada.
United StatesIn the US, this region is called the Grain Belt.
Studies on regionalismThis region also shares some cultural and political traits which lead the authors of two books on regionalism in North America to argue that they form a separate "nation."
In the book Nine Nations of North America, author Joel Garreau identifies the "Breadbasket" as one of nine cultural "nations" in North America.
In the book The Day America Told The Truth by James Patterson and Peter Kim, this region is called the Granary instead, but its boundaries are essentially the same as those Garreau drew for the Breadbasket.
Both books include western Indiana, northern and central Illinois except for the immediate Chicago metropolitan area, Wisconsin except for the Lake Michigan shoreline, the northern half of Michigan's Upper Peninsula, the states of Minnesota, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas in their entirety, the easternmost tier of counties in Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and northern New Mexico, the northern and western portions of Missouri and Oklahoma, and the Texas Panhandle.
breadbasket in Japanese: 穀倉地帯